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Capital: Guatemala City
Climate: Tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands.
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Coordinates: 15 30 N, 90 15 W
Currency: The official currency is is the Quetzal. Need exchange rates? Try our currency converter.
Economy: The agricultural sector accounts for about one-fourth of GDP, two-thirds of exports, and half of the labor force. Coffee, sugar, and bananas are the main products. The 1996 signing of the peace accords, which ended 36 years of civil war, removed a major obstacle to foreign investment. In 1998, Hurricane Mitch caused relatively little damage to Guatemala compared to its neighbors.
Ongoing challenges include increasing government revenues, negotiating further assistance from international donors, and increasing the efficiency and openness of both government and private financial operations. Despite low international prices for Guatemala's main commodities, the economy grew by 3% in 2000 and 2.3% in 2001
Official Language: Spanish is the official language (60% of the population). Other laguages are Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca
Political Status: Constitutional democratic republic.
Population: 13,314,079 (July 2002 est.)
Time: Standard Time is 6 hours behind Greenwich Mean Time (GMT-6). Guatemala does not observe Daylight-Saving Time.